Oil drilling all over the world can’t be done in the protected area. There are many efforts from the company in exploiting the oil resources even in the preserved area. The oil drilling process impacts oil spills that can contaminate the natural eco-system. Protected areas are protected for a reason and no oil drilling is allowed in those areas under any circumstances due to oil spill risks along transportation process and water contamination.
Oil drilling causes oil spill risks along transportation process. The reality of the drilling process is that oil spills are basically inevitable. Even though spills are usually small and can be cleaned, they still have an impact. Moreover, big spills are inevitable and happen more frequently than most people know. Large spills can wipe out the wildlife and eco-system for miles upon miles and can take years to recover from. Even then, much of the wildlife that once inhabited the area has been destroyed and cannot come back, especially if the species is endangered or can only inhabit that region. Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird’s feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements. Without the ability to repel water and insulate from the cold water, birds and mammals will die from hypothermia.
Oil drilling causes water contamination. Drilling for oil also comes with a great deal of inherent risk to the area in which the drilling is taking place. Water contamination by way of the pollutants and by-products of oil drilling is practically given any time oil is drilled in a region. Most kinds of oil are less dense than water, most spilled oil floats on the water surface. It spreads out and is pushed across the water by wind. How spilled oil affects near-surface creatures depends on when and where the oil spills—those creatures might or might not even be in the area at the location and time of a spill. That’s because things are always changing at the surface: flocks of seabirds come and go; plankton, jellyfish, and other kinds of creatures bloom (reproduce) at certain seasons and then die off to become much less numerous at other times.
Company may make effort to prevent the oil spills and water contamination. Beside that, indigenous population agree to oil drilling in Ecuador’s protected area Yasuní. This doesn’t guarantee the bad impact of oil drilling to the environment. While a company may make efforts to contain the waste water created through running oil drilling machinery and processing crude oil, this does not prevent that water from soaking into the soil and getting into ground water supplies. There is also no guarantee that companies will even try to prevent that wastewater from contaminating nearby lakes, rivers, and streams, making them unsuitable for drinking or sustaining fish and other life. Lapindo mud flood is the example of the disaster caused drilling in the subdistrict of Porong, Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia that has been in eruption since May 2006. It is the biggest mud overflow in the world; responsibility for it was credited to PT Lapindo Brantas. By mid of August 2011, mud was being discharged at a rate of 10,000 m³ per day, with 15 bubbles around its gushing point. This drilling failure happened in the community settlement. The worse impact will be happened if the drilling implement in the protected area.
Oil drilling causes oils spills that can contaminate the natural eco-system. With all of these factors in mind, it is easy to see why there should be no drilling for oil in protected areas. There are alternative options to increased oil drilling and the destruction of protected natural areas including finding and developing alternative and renewable energy sources. Under no circumstances country is not allowed to drill for oil in any protected area.